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IPP1: Exploring development themes through the use of talk in the classroom (dialogic teaching)
[relevant to English, CSPE, Modern Languages]


Create an ethos

Another person who is working on changing patterns of talk in the classroom is the American educationalist, Frank Serafini.

According to Serafini, students play an integral role in determining the direction and focus of classroom discussion, with each student responsible for articulating their interpretations and ideas for consideration by other students. In this way, students assume an active role, listening intently to other students' ideas, negotiating meanings through the discussion, and opening lines of communication among students rather than always going through the teacher (Serafini 2008).

Serafini considers two ethos necessary for promoting interactive discussions in the classroom: an ethos of engagement and an ethos of intellectualism.


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Source: Serafini, F. (2013) 'Promoting Interactive Discussions', Workshop handout.
Available at: http://www.frankserafini.com/workshop-handouts/inter_disc_2013.pdf